3.2.1 Adjusted Taxable Income - General Provisions
- what is ATI,
- estimates provided by the individual,
- indexed estimates,
- indexed actual income,
- treatment of income if the individual is a member of a couple (1.1.M.50),
- income year used for the assessment,
- reasonable estimate of income (1.1.I.20), and
- income to be used when an individual dies during an income year.
What is adjusted taxable income
ATI is used in the FTB, CCB and SBP income tests when assessing an individual's (1.1.I.90) eligibility for these payments. While the income tests are different for FTB, CCB and SBP, the types of income used in the assessment are the same.
An individual's ATI is:
- the sum of the following amounts for the relevant income year:
For FTB Centrelink uses either:
- an estimate provided by the individual and assessed as reasonable by Centrelink,
- the indexed current estimate, or
- the indexed actual income, based on the previous year's taxable income.
Act reference: FAAct Schedule 3 clause 1 Adjusted taxable income relevant to FTB, SKB and CCB, Schedule 3 clause 2 Adjusted taxable income
Estimates provided by the individual
Individuals claiming FTB by fortnightly instalments or CCB by fee reduction are required to provide Centrelink with an estimate of family income for the current year.
Individuals claiming SBP are required to provide Centrelink with an estimate of family income for the 6 month period beginning on the day of the child's delivery.
Indexed current estimates - FTB & CCB only
If the individual chooses not to provide an estimate of family income for the current year, Centrelink will determine payment on the basis of an indexed estimate. The indexed estimate is worked out by adjusting the individual's most recent estimate by an indexation factor determined by movements in the average weekly earnings over the relevant 12 month period.
Indexed actual income - FTB & CCB only
If an individual's payments are determined on the basis of an indexed estimate, it may be subject to a second adjustment once the individual's actual income for the previous financial year becomes known. Centrelink will adjust the actual income by an indexation factor determined by movements in the average weekly earnings over the relevant 12 month period and compare the result with the indexed estimate. Payments will be based on the higher amount for the rest of that income year.
Act reference: FA(Admin)Act section 20 Determination of rate may be based on estimate, indexed estimate or indexed actual income, section 20A Indexed estimates, section 20B Indexed actual incomes, section 38(3) Estimate of adjusted taxable income
Policy reference: FA Guide 1.1.I.85 Indexed income - actual or estimate (FTB)
Treatment of income if the individual is a member of a couple
For the purposes of FTB Part A and CCB, if an individual is a member of a couple, their ATI for a tax year includes their partner's (1.1.P.30) ATI for that year.
For the purposes of FTB Part B, if the individual is a member of a couple, only the ATI of the lower income earner (1.1.L.40) is used to calculate the rate of FTB Part B (noting that the primary earners income must be below the primary income earner limit to attract any FTB Part B).
Example: William and Erica receive FTB Part A and FTB Part B. William is self-employed and has an ATI of $5,500 per year and Erica has an ATI of $45,500 per year. Erica works part-time and is the primary carer (1.1.P.120) of the children. Their entitlement to FTB Part A and CCB is worked out using their combined income of $51,000. Their entitlement to FTB Part B is however calculated on William's income of $5,500 a year. This is because whereas Erica is the primary carer, William is the lower income earner.
Act reference: FAAct Schedule 3 clause 3 Adjusted taxable income of members of couple, section 36 When an individual is eligible for SBP in normal circumstances
Policy reference: FA Guide 220.127.116.11 Current FTB Rates & Income Test Amounts
Income year used for the assessment - FTB & CCB only
The income used to assess an individual's FTB or CCB eligibility is the income for the year to which the claim relates. Where an individual claims a payment in the current income year, they must make a reasonable estimate of their income for that year.
Reasonable estimate of income
If the individual has estimated their family income, Centrelink must determine if the estimate is reasonable. If it is determined by Centrelink that the estimate is not reasonable the individual has no entitlement to receive FTB by instalment or CCB as reduced fees at more than the zero rate. The individual may still be eligible for FTB after the end of the financial year or CCB after the end of the current or following financial year when their actual ATI is known.
Act reference: FA(Admin)Act section 20 Determination of rate may be based on estimate, indexed estimate or indexed actual income, section 28A Variation of instalment entitlement determination where estimate of an amount is not reasonable
FAAct section 36 When an individual is eligible for SBP in normal circumstances (refer to subsections 36(2)(d), 36(3)(e), 36(4)(c) and 36(5)(d))
Policy reference: FA Guide 3.2.8 Reasonable Estimate of Income
Income to be used when an individual dies during an income year
For annualising income when an individual dies during an income year, see 18.104.22.168.