7.2.3.10 Giving an Infringement Notice

When can an infringement notice be issued?

An infringement notice may be issued if Centrelink or the FWO reasonably believes that the employer (individual or body corporate) has contravened a civil penalty provision (1.1.C.80). Centrelink or the FWO can give infringement notices in relation to different civil penalty provisions under the PPLAct.

Centrelink may issue infringement notices for contraventions of:

  • subsection 82(2) (notifying Centrelink if certain events happen),
  • section 103 (responding to an employer determination),
  • subsection 105(3) (giving bank account and pay cycle details etc. following a review), and
  • subsection 157(4) (non-compliance with a compliance notice given by Centrelink).

The FWO may issue an infringement notice for contraventions of:

  • subsection 70(2) (unauthorised deductions from instalments),
  • subsections 72(1), (2) or (3) (when an employer pays instalments),
  • section 74 (method of payment of instalments payable by an employer),
  • section 80 (giving a person a record of a payment),
  • subsection 81(1) or (2) (keeping records), and
  • subsection 157(4) (non-compliance with a compliance notice given by the FWO).

Centrelink or the FWO is not under an obligation to issue a notice and has the discretion to manage the breach of the civil penalty provision in different ways.

As an alternative for dealing with a contravention of a civil penalty provision, Centrelink or the FWO has the discretion to give a compliance notice or to apply to the court for a civil penalty order in relation to the contravention.

Grounds for issuing a notice

In order to issue an infringement notice, Centrelink or the FWO must reasonably believe that the person has contravened one or more of the civil penalty provisions.

It is, therefore, very important that an alleged contravention of a civil penalty provision has been thoroughly investigated before a notice is issued.

Timeframe for issuing an infringement notice

An infringement notice must be given within 12 months of either:

  • the day on which the 14 day period specified in a compliance notice issued by Centrelink or the FWO ends (if the infringement notice relates to a compliance notice given by Centrelink or FWO), or
  • the day on which the alleged contravention occurred.

There is a 12 month timeframe for issuing an infringement notice because not all contraventions of a civil penalty provision will immediately be identified.

Contents of an infringement notice

An infringement notice must specify:

  • the name of the person to whom the notice is given and the name of the person who gave the notice,
  • brief details of the alleged contravention including:
    • the date it occurred or, where the alleged contravention relates to failure to comply with a compliance notice, the day on which the 14 day period referred to in the compliance notice ends, and
    • the provision of the PPLAct that was allegedly contravened,
  • that the matter will not be dealt with by the Court if the penalty specified in the notice is paid within the period prescribed (i.e. within 28 days after the notice is given or a longer period if allowed by Centrelink),
  • how the payment of the penalty is to be made, and
  • any other matters in the PPL Rules.

Amount of penalties in infringement notices

The table below indicates the amount of penalties that an infringement notice MUST specify in relation to a contravention of the relevant civil penalty provisions in the PPLAct, by a body corporate or persons other than a body corporate.

The amount of a penalty unit is specified in the Crimes Act 1914 section 4AA.

PPLAct reference Amount of penalty specified in an infringement notice
Body corporate Individual
Contravention of section 80 Employer must give an employee a record of payment of PLP in the required form and within the specified time 15 penalty units 3 penalty units
Contravention of subsection 81(1) or (2) Employer must make and keep for 7 years records in relation to each person for whom an employer determination is in force. Employer must keep records in the form as prescribed by the PPL Rules. 15 penalty units 3 penalty units
Contravention of a compliance notice given in relation to contravention of section 80 or subsection 81(1) or (2) 15 penalty units 3 penalty units
Contravention of all other civil penalty provisions (see table at 7.2.4). 30 penalty units 6 penalty units

Act reference: PPLAct section 146 Civil penalty provisions, section 159 Giving an infringement notice

Last reviewed: 6 February 2017