1.1.P.340 PP child (PP)

Introduction

This section sets out the definitions of PP child. There are 2 definitions:

  • SSAct section 500D(1) applies to claimants of PP who are a member of a couple,
  • SSAct section 500D(2) applies to claimants of PP who are NOT a member of a couple.

Act reference: SSAct section 500D PP child, section 5(15) to (24) Principal carer

Policy reference: SS Guide 1.1.P.412 Principal carer, 1.1.D.70 Dependent child

Definition of PP child for claimants

A child is a 'PP child' of the person if:

  • the person is the principal carer (1.1.P.412) of the child, AND
  • the person is a member of a couple, AND
  • the youngest child has not turned 6.

A child is also a PP child of the person if:

  • the person is the principal carer of the child, AND
  • the person is NOT a member of a couple, AND
  • the youngest child has not turned 8.

Example: Melody claims PP from 20 February 2017 when her first child, Mark, is born. As Melody is a single parent, she has a PP child under SSAct section 500D(2) and, if she remains eligible, can continue on PP until Mark turns 8. However, if over this period, Melody becomes a member of a couple, she can only continue on PP until Mark turns 6, as she now has a PP child under SSAct section 500D(1).

Act reference: SSAct section 500D(1) to 500D(2) A child is a PP child of a person if…, section 5(2) to 5(8A) Dependent child…, section 5(15) to 5(24) Principal carer

Policy reference: SS Guide 3.5.1.20 Child-related Qualification for PP - Overview, 1.1.P.412 Principal carer

Child is the PP child of only one person

The provisions of SSAct section 5(18) mean that only one person at a time can be the principal carer of a child. Since being the principal carer of a child is one of the criteria for having a PP child, it follows that a child can ONLY be a PP child of one person at a time. In all shared carer situations, to determine who has the PP child, it is necessary to determine which of the carers is the principal carer.

Explanation: Only one parent can receive PP in respect of a PP child. This means that the Secretary must make a determination specifying which of the carers is the principal carer of the child, even if the child would be the PP child of 2 or more adults, but for section 5(18). For further guidance on making this determination, refer to 1.1.P.412.

Act reference: SSAct section 5(18) Principal carer-a child can only have one principal carer

Policy reference: SS Guide 1.1.P.412 Principal carer

PP child during a temporary absence from care

Refer to 1.1.P.412 for situations where the child is taken to remain in the person's care during a temporary absence. Since being the principal carer of a child is one of the critieria for having a PP child, it follows that the process of determining who is the principal carer during a temporary absence will also determine which carer has the PP child.

Act reference: SSAct section 5(2) to 5(8A) Dependent child…, section 5(17) For the purpose of determining whether a person is the principal carer of the child

Policy reference: SS Guide 1.1.P.412 Principal carer, 3.5.1.50 Child-related Qualification for PP - Shared Care

Last reviewed: 20 September 2017