18.104.22.168 Youth allowance (YA) - description
What is YA?
YA is an income support payment that provides financial assistance to young job seekers, aged 16 - 21 who are looking for work or undertaking other activities to improve their employment prospects, AND full-time students or Australian Apprentices aged 16 - 24.
YA may also be paid to a person who:
- is temporarily incapacitated for work or study, or
- has claimed DSP and is awaiting the assessment of their claim.
A young person aged 15 years old may qualify for YA if they are independent and have reached the minimum school leaver age in their state/territory.
Dependent young people undertaking full-time secondary study are NOT considered to be of YA age until they turn 18, unless they:
- are independent
- are required to live away from home to study, or
- are determined by the Secretary to be not benefiting from FTB that is being paid to the person's parents.
Act reference: SSAct section 23(1)-'income support payment'
How YA is paid
YA is calculated on a daily basis and is paid in arrears, generally in instalments of 14 days. Instalment periods of less than 14 days may be paid where a person changes their payday arrangements.
Policy reference: SS Guide 8.4 Payment Methods
There are 2 types of supplementary assistance that recipients of YA MAY receive:
- amounts that are included as part of the YA rate, and
- payments or other benefits that are in addition to the YA rate.
Recipients of YA MAY receive one or more of the following as part of their YA rate:
- rent assistance (22.214.171.124)
- energy supplement (126.96.36.199)
- pharmaceutical allowance (188.8.131.52)
- remote area allowance (184.108.40.206)
- youth disability supplement (220.127.116.11).
They may also be entitled to the following while in receipt of YA:
- telephone allowance (18.104.22.168)
- HCC (22.214.171.124) or PCC (126.96.36.199)
- income support bonus (188.8.131.52)
- language, literacy and numeracy supplement (184.108.40.206)
- pensioner education supplement (220.127.116.11)
- fares allowance (18.104.22.168)
- student start-up loan (22.214.171.124)
- relocation scholarship (126.96.36.199).
Policy reference: SS Guide 188.8.131.52 Supplementary benefits & employment assistance for YA recipients
Bereavement payment provisions
Act reference: SSAct Part 2.11 Division 10 Bereavement payments
YA was introduced from 1 July 1998, replacing the following 5 schemes for young people:
- Austudy for 16-24 year olds and certain 15 year olds
- NSA for 16-20 year olds and certain 15 year olds
- YTA for 16-17 year olds and certain 15 year olds
- SA for 16-20 year olds and certain 15 year olds
- more-than-minimum rate family allowance for secondary students aged 16-18 not formerly getting Austudy.
On 1 January 2012, FTB became the primary payment for dependent full-time secondary students living at home under the Supporting Families with Teenagers Measure.
On 1 July 2012, the maximum age for YA was increased from 21 years to 22 years for young job seekers (not undertaking full-time study or an Australian Apprenticeship).
Act reference: SSAct section 540 Qualification for YA-general rule, section 540A(1) Qualification for YA-claimants for DSP, section 542 Situations in which a person is not required to satisfy the activity test, section 544DA YA Employment Pathway Plans-early school leavers, section 592J Qualification for relocation scholarship payment, section 502BA Death of person's partner