10.11.100 Austrian Glossary


This section contains a list of terms used in and applicable to the Agreement with Austria.


Austria is a federal state. Its 9 member provinces are Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Carinthia, Styria, Burgenland, Salzburg, the Tyrol, Vorarlberg and Vienna.

Austrian Additional Amounts for Dependent Children
  • Kinderzuschlag: Women are granted this additional payment at the rate of 3% of the theoretical amount used for rate calculation (also known as 'Basis of Assessment') for each of their children born in Austria, up to a set maximum percentage of the Basis of Assessment.
  • Kinderzuschuss: Is an increase of 5% of Basis of Assessment paid on top of the pension rate in respect of a dependent child under 18 years of age or for a full-time dependent student under 27 years of age (if child is disabled, age limits do not apply). This payment is separate from Kinderzuschlag.
Austrian Compensatory Supplement/Compensatory Supplement

Austrian Compensatory Supplement (Ausgleichszulage) is paid only in Austria. It is a welfare supplement paid to pensioners who receive a small pension and have little or no other income. The rate of this welfare payment is calculated by subtracting the pensioner's or the pensioner couple's income from the maximum rate of Ausgleichszulage payable.

Austrian Disability Pension

Austrian Disability pension (Invaliditätspension) can be granted to a person whose impairment level has reduced their capacity to earn by more than 50% and who has at least 60 months (5 years) of contributions in the last 10 years.

Other names (in German) for Austrian disability pension are:

  • Berufsunfähigkeitspension (for white collar workers),
  • Erwerbsunfähigkeitspension(for self employed),
  • Knappschaftsvollpension (for miners), and
  • Knappschaftspension (for miners not so severely disabled).
Austrian Early Retirement Pension

Austrian Early Retirement pension (Vorzeitige Alterspension bei Arbeitslosigkeit) can be granted up to 5 years earlier than normal retirement pension. Special conditions apply. The claimant needs to have:

  • 35 years of insurance coverage, or
  • completed 35 years of insurance coverage and have been paying insurance or been in receipt of either Austrian sickness or unemployment benefit during the last 12 months, or
  • been in receipt of Austrian unemployment or sickness benefit for a period of 52 weeks out of the last 15 months.
Austrian Helpless Person Allowance

Austrian Helpless Person Allowance (Hilflosenzuschuss) used to be paid to recipients of retirement, disability and survivors' pensions who needed constant care and attention. It generally amounts to 50% of the pension, within fixed upper and lower limits. New grants of this allowance have generally not been made since 1 July 1993, when it was superseded by personal care benefit - Pflegegeld.

Austrian Orphan's Pension

Austrian Orphan's Pension (Waisenpension) can be granted for each dependent child under 18 years of age (under 27 if the child is a full-time student). If the child is disabled, no age limit applies.

Austrian Personal Care Benefit

Austrian Personal Care Benefit (Pflegegeld) was introduced from July 1993 for people requiring personal care. People are eligible if they are above 3 years of age and normally reside and require care in Austria because of a physical or mental disability expected to last at least 6 months. The benefit is paid monthly and is dependent on the level of care required and the time involved in providing the care. Benefit amounts vary (in 7 steps), depending on the time involved in providing the care. The benefit is adjusted annually on the same basis as pensions, and replaces earlier supplements for personal care needs. It is based on need. Additional benefits in kind may also be provided.

Austrian Restitution Payment

Austrian Restitution Payment is made under Austrian legislation to compensate people for loss of earnings consequent to hardships suffered as victims on National Socialist persecution. Periods of National Socialist persecution are counted as periods of Austrian social insurance and either alone, or combined with periods of actual Austrian social insurance, may enable qualification for benefit. Under SSAct section 8(8) the resulting payments are not income for the purposes of the income test.

Austrian Retirement Pension

Austrian Retirement Pension (Alterspension) is granted to men aged 65 and women aged 60. The minimum period of insurance for grant of this pension is 180 months of contributions at any time, or 180 months of Austrian social insurance, including deemed periods, within the 30 years prior to claim.

Austrian Insurance/Insurance in Austria

Under Austrian law, social insurance is compulsory. Insurance takes effect automatically when someone begins work. Insurance covers health care, workers' compensation and pensions. Insurance for pensioners covers health care only. School children and students are insured against accidents. Contributions are paid by employees and their employers. Periods when Austrian social insurance has been paid or credited (such as for periods for child rearing and war service) can be used to totalise for Australian payments under the Agreement.

Austrian Surviving Spouse's Pension

Austrian Surviving Spouse's Pension (Witwenpension [widow's] or Witwerpension [widower's]) can be granted to the widow or widower of a deceased contributor if that deceased contributor was in receipt of, or qualified to receive, a retirement or disability pension.


Benefit, for Australia, means a pension, benefit or allowance payable under Australian social security legislation as specified in Article 2 of the Agreement. It also includes any additional amount or increase that is payable to a person who qualifies for that increase. Pension supplement, RA, PhA, TAL and RAA are payable to people inside Australia, but are subject to the portability restrictions of the SSAct for people outside Australia.

Bereavement Allowance

Under the Agreement with Austria, Bereavement Allowance can be paid only to widowed persons (male or female) who stop being partnered persons because of the death of their partner. It does not include someone who has a new partner.

Carer Payment

Under the Agreement with Austria, CP can be paid only to the partner of an Australian age or DSP. That partner must have been an Australian resident at some time.

Disability Support Pension

When the original Agreement with Austria was negotiated it covered DSP for both the severely disabled and the non-severely disabled. When that Agreement was revised, from 1 October 2002, new grants of DSP outside Australia and indefinite portability of DSP were restricted to persons who were severely disabled. Existing non-severely disabled pensioners in Austria were 'saved'. The current Agreement covers DSP, including for non-severely disabled persons, only for claimants in Australia

Double Orphan Pension

Under the Agreement with Austria, DOP is payable in respect of a young person whose sole surviving parent dies while the young person was an Australian resident.

Note: Both the young person and the person claiming DOP must be residents of Austria. The latter does not need to have any former Australian residence.

Parenting Payment (Single)

Under the Agreement with Austria, parenting payment (single) can be paid only to widowed persons (male or female) who stop being partnered persons because of the death of their partner. It does not include someone who has a new partner.

Widowed Person

The definition for this payment was revised from 1 October 2002. Under the Agreement with Austria the term means a person (male or female) who stops being a partnered person because of the death of the person's partner. It does not include someone who has a new partner. Payments that can be granted to widowed persons since 1 October 2002 are PPS and BVA.

Wife Pension

Since 30 June 1995, wife pension cannot be granted, even under an agreement.

Last reviewed: 20 March 2017