10.20.1.30 Social Security System in Norway
Norway's social security system
The main social insurance schemes in Norway are:
- the National Insurance Scheme, and
- the Family Allowance Scheme and Scheme for Cash Benefits for Families and Small Children.
Employees and self-employed people contribute to the National Insurance Scheme based on their income. The National Insurance Scheme covers a range of benefits including old-age pensions, disability pension, survivor's pension, rehabilitation benefits, occupational injury benefits, benefits payable to single parents and cash benefits in the case of sickness and unemployment.
This pension is paid to people who have reached retirement age. It consists of a basic pension, a supplementary pension and supplements for spouse and children.
The supplementary pension scheme was introduced in 1967. To receive a maximum supplementary pension a person needs 40 pension-earning years. People with less than this are paid a proportion of the supplementary pension.
Special supplementary pension
The special supplementary pension is paid to people who have no, or a very small, supplementary pension.
Disability benefits are paid to insured people who have a work capacity that is permanently reduced by 50% due to illness, injury or defect. Minimum contribution periods apply.
A survivor pension is paid to a surviving spouse who is under 67. Minimum contribution periods apply. A full survivor's pension is made up of a basic pension plus a percentage of supplementary pension. The survivor's pension is income tested.
Children under 18 can receive a survivor's pension if one or both parents are deceased. Minimum contribution periods apply.
Rehabilitation benefits are payable to people who are undergoing active retraining with a view to improving their work ability.
Act reference: SS(IntAgree)Act Schedule 19 Norway