220.127.116.11 Secondary claimant for PLP in exceptional circumstances - any other person
The PPL Rules (1.1.P.220) prescribe the exceptional circumstances (1.1.E.100) in which any person who has primary care of the child may become a secondary claimant and receive the balance of the primary claimant's PLP in respect of the child. The specific circumstances relate to situations where the primary claimant can no longer care for the child, either because of incapacity or for legal reasons.
Note: A secondary claimant who is the partner of a primary claimant birth mother or primary claimant adoptive parent, or the child's other legal parent or that person's partner, who does not meet the eligibility criteria applying to secondary claimants in normal circumstances (18.104.22.168) may meet the exceptional circumstances eligibility criteria.
Secondary claimants in exceptional circumstances must meet the Australian residency test (1.1.A.110).
For PLP in relation to the maximum PPL period for the child, the secondary claimant must meet the Australian residency test from the date the individual anticipates becoming, or became the child's primary carer (the test applies by reference to the child's DOB for a birth mother claimant, or date of placement for an adoptive parent primary claimant).
For PLP on a flexible PPL day, the secondary claimant must meet the Australian residency test on the day.
In respect to a maximum PPL period, the person must:
- be the primary carer of the child and have become the primary carer of the child on the day after the primary claimant ceased to provide such care, i.e. this must be a continuous block of care transitioning from one carer to another without any breaks (other than where the person is temporarily unable to be the primary carer (1.1.T.50) or where they have lost care for the child (1.1.L.30)), and
- not have returned to work since becoming the primary carer (not applicable in cases where they lost care of the child without their consent; where they are a defence force member or a law enforcement officer and they have been compulsorily recalled to duty; where they have returned to work in order to comply with the requirements of a summons or other compulsory process; where they are an emergency services worker, health professional or other essential worker (1.1.E.95) who has returned to work in response to a state, territory or national emergency, or if they worked immediately after the change in care occurred while care arrangements were being settled).
In respect of a flexible PPL day (1.1.F.70), the person must:
- be the primary carer of the child on the day (other than where the person is temporarily unable to be the primary carer or where they have lost care for the child), and
- not be performing more than one hour of paid work on the day (not applicable where the work is for a permissible purpose; where there has been loss of care for the child; where the claimant is a defence force member or law enforcement officer who has been recalled to duty; where the claimant has returned to work in response to a summons or other compulsory process; where the claimant is a health professional, emergency services worker, or other essential worker who has returned to work in response to a state, territory or national emergency, or if they worked immediately after the change in care occurred while care arrangements were being settled).
Note: From 1 January 2019, a NARWP applies to PLP. There are a range of exemptions from the effect of the NARWP for PLP and situations where the NARWP does not apply (22.214.171.124).
Exceptional circumstances criteria
To be eligible as a secondary claimant in exceptional circumstances, the child must not have been entrusted to the person's care or the care of their partner because of a decision of a state or territory child protection agency under its relevant legislation, and the person must have, and expect to continue to have the care of the child for at least 26 weeks.
- if the person is the partner of the primary claimant for the child, the primary claimant must be or be likely to be incapable of caring for the child (1.1.I.05) for at least 26 weeks
- if the person is not the partner of the primary claimant
- both the primary claimant and the primary claimant's partner must be or be likely to be incapable of caring for the child for at least 26 weeks, or
- the Secretary must be satisfied on reasonable grounds that
Act reference: PPLAct section 31A Newly arrived resident's waiting period, section 45 When a person satisfies the Australian residency test, section 47 When a person is the primary carer of a child, section 48 When a person returns to work, section 276 How this Act applies to claims made in exceptional circumstances
PPL Rules section 10 Prescribed conditions for secondary claimants-general, section 28 Exceptional circumstances for secondary claimants, Part 2 Division 2 Subdivision C Exemption to newly arrived resident's waiting period
Policy reference: PPL Guide 2.2.1 PLP eligibility overview, 126.96.36.199 NARWP for PLP & DAPP