5.2.5 Collection from Social Security Pensions & Benefits
The Registrar can collect a payer's child support debt by making deductions from social security pensions or benefits payable to that person (CSRC Act section 72AA).
CSRC Act section 72AA
CSRC Regs regulation 5E
SS(Admin)Act section 238
SSAct section 23, section 1228
Farm Household Support Act 2014 section 91, section 93
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The Registrar can give written notice to Centrelink to deduct amounts from a child support payer's pension or benefit in order to collect that person's child support debt (CSRC Act section 72AA).
SS(Admin)Act section 238 enables Centrelink to comply with the notice and forward the amounts to the Registrar.
- What is a 'social security pension or benefit'?
- When can deductions be made from pensions and benefits?
- Payers with an ongoing liability arising under the CSA Act
- Payers with child support or maintenance arrears
- How much can be deducted?
- Where a payment arrangement is in place
- Issuing a notice
What is a 'social security pension or benefit'?
CSRC Act section 72AA(6) provides that the terms 'social security benefit' and 'social security pension' have the same respective meanings as in the SSAct (defined by section 23(1) of that Act). The reference in section 23(1) of the SSAct to 'social security benefit' is modified, by sections 91 and 93 of the Farm Household Support Act 2014, to be taken to include 'farm household allowance' under that Act. This means that the terms 'social security benefit' and 'social security pension' in CSRC Act section 72AA(6) include the following payments.
|Social Security Benefit||Social Security Pension|
|Widow allowance||Age pension|
|Youth allowance||Disability support pension|
|Austudy payment||Wife pension|
|Newstart allowance||Carer payment|
|Sickness allowance||Pension PP (single)|
|Special benefit||Sole parent pension|
|Partner allowance||Bereavement allowance|
|Mature age allowance under Part 2.12B||Widow B pension|
|Benefit PP (partnered)||Mature age partner allowance|
|Parenting allowance (other than non-benefit parenting allowance)||Special needs pension|
|Farm household allowance|
When can deductions be made from pensions & benefits?
Section 72AA deductions CAN be made in the following circumstances:
- payers with an ongoing liability arising under the CSA Act,
- payers with child support or child maintenance arrears arising under the CSA Act, a child maintenance order or an overseas maintenance liability (i.e. amounts that were not paid when they fell due and payable),
- payers with arrears of spousal maintenance under an overseas maintenance liability, and
- people who have an outstanding debt under a parentage overpayment order (3.1.2) that is registered for collection by the Registrar.
Spousal maintenance is a form of 'child support debt' (sections 4(1) and 30 of the CSRC Act). Spousal maintenance arising under an overseas maintenance liability is therefore subject to the provisions of section 72AA. However, spousal maintenance arising under a liability under Australian law is excluded from the provisions of section 72AA (see below).
Section 72AA deductions CANNOT be used to collect:
- outstanding penalty amounts,
- spousal maintenance arising under Australian law (specifically excluded by subsection 72AA(4)), and
- payee debts to the Commonwealth under section 79 of the CSRC Act.
However, Centrelink may recover a payee's debt to the Commonwealth by withholding amounts from the payee's social security payments (SSAct section 1228).
Payers with an ongoing liability arising under the CSA Act
Where a payer has an ongoing liability under a child support assessment and is receiving a pension or benefit, the Registrar can seek to collect child support payments from that pension or benefit.
The Registrar will commence deductions from a payer's pension or benefit if they have an ongoing liability, and arrears and/or a poor compliance history.
DHS will encourage a payer with no arrears of child support, and a good payment history to consider all their payment options:
- make private arrangements,
- pay DHS directly,
- have their payments deducted from their social security pension or benefit, or
- use employer withholding.
DHS will inform a payer who elects to make private arrangements or is paying directly that immediate collection action will be taken if they fail to comply with those arrangements. If the payer defaults, deductions of the ongoing liability from the payer's pension or benefit will be made without prior notification to the payer.
Payers with child support or maintenance arrears
Where a payer is in arrears and is receiving a social security pension or benefit, the Registrar can notify Centrelink to deduct amounts from that pension or benefit until the debt is paid.
The Registrar can collect arrears arising in the following circumstances:
- a court-ordered liability with amounts of child maintenance outstanding,
- child support arrears relating to an assessment which is no longer continuing,
- an ongoing assessment with child support outstanding,
- arrears of child or spousal maintenance arising under an overseas maintenance liability, and
- an outstanding amount payable under a parentage overpayment order registered for collection by the Registrar.
If a payer's court-ordered maintenance liability has been suspended during a low-income non-enforcement period (3.4.5), the Registrar can continue to collect arrears from that payer's pension or benefit that arose before commencement of the low-income non-enforcement period.
Payer debts to consolidated revenue which are still debts due to the Commonwealth under section 30 can also be recovered from social security pensions or benefits.
How much can be deducted?
Where there is an ongoing child support assessment but no child support arrears, the 'prescribed periodic deduction' is the lesser of either 3 times the minimum rate or the liability amount for the instalment period (regulation 5E(1)). The minimum rate is defined in regulation 5E(3) as the minimum annual rate of child support (2.4.12) (CSA Act section 66(5)).
Example: M is assessed to pay $30 per week child support under an agreement and has no child support arrears. M is now in receipt of a newstart allowance. The Registrar can deduct 3 times the minimum rate as this is less than the ongoing liability amount.
Where child support or maintenance arrears exist, the 'prescribed periodic deduction' is the lesser of either 3 times the minimum rate (less any amounts deducted for the ongoing liability) or the amount of the debt that has not been paid (regulation 5E(2)).
Example: F is assessed to pay $10 per week child support and has arrears of $60. F is in receipt of a sickness allowance. The Registrar can deduct 3 times the minimum rate as this is less than the amount of child support outstanding. $10 is deducted for the ongoing liability, and the balance goes to the arrears.
The Registrar will not collect amounts of less than $1 per week from a person's pension or benefit. If a payer's child support liability is less than $1 per week, and there are no arrears, the amounts due will be allowed to accumulate until the Registrar can instruct Centrelink to deduct an amount under regulation 5E(2).
Where a payment arrangement is in place
If a payer is complying with a satisfactory payment arrangement, the Registrar will not collect from their pension or benefit.
Collection from other sources of income
Collection from social security pensions or benefits does not preclude the Registrar from applying any tax refund that may become available to a parent's outstanding child support debt.
Where the Registrar becomes aware of another source of income the Registrar will seek to collect the liability and arrears from that source. If employer withholding, employer withholding with arrears or issuing section 72A notices are a more appropriate means of collection those collection methods should be considered.
The payer may contact DHS at any time to discuss their individual financial circumstances. The Registrar will not defer collection of the ongoing liability. However, if the payer is experiencing difficulties meeting their necessary expenses, the Registrar may defer or reduce the amount being deducted for collection of arrears. Necessary expenses include, but are not limited to accommodation, food, clothing, medical or utilities, for the payer and for any children in their care.
Issuing a notice
The Registrar commences deductions from a payer's pension or benefit by giving Centrelink a written notice specifying:
- the payer's name,
- sufficient detail to enable Centrelink to identify the person, and
- instructing Centrelink to make the prescribed periodic deduction from that payer's pension or benefit from a specified day (section 72AA(1)).
The Registrar can issue the notice electronically or by any other means (section 72AA(3)). The Registrar is not required to provide the payer with a copy of the notice.