The Guides to Social Policy Law is a collection of publications designed to assist decision makers administering social policy law. The information contained in this publication is intended only as a guide to relevant legislation/policy. The information is accurate as at the date listed at the bottom of the page, but may be subject to change. To discuss individual circumstances please contact Services Australia. Operation of deeming


This topic provides brief information on the following:

  • calculation of deemed income, and
  • changes to deeming rates.

Calculation of deemed income

To calculate a person's deemed income, deeming rates are applied to the total value of deemed assets held by the person.

A below threshold rate is applied to the amount of total deemed assets beneath the relevant deeming threshold. An above threshold rate is applied to the amount of total deemed assets above the relevant deeming threshold.

Current and historical deeming rates and deeming thresholds can be found in

The thresholds at which the higher deeming rate begins to apply are indexed in line with the CPI in July each year.

Deemed income is added to a recipient's assessable income from all other sources, and the total amount is then used to calculate the rate of income support payment under the income test.

Act reference: SSAct section 1076 Deemed income from financial assets-persons other than members of couples, section 1077 Deemed income from financial assets-members of pensioner couples, section 1078 Deemed income from financial assets-members of non-pensioner couples, section 1081 Deeming threshold, section 1083 Actual return on financial assets not treated as ordinary income, section 1084 Certain money and financial investments not taken into account, section 1084A Valuation and revaluation of certain financial investments

Policy reference: SS Guide Overview of deeming

Changes to deeming rates

The deeming rates are determined by the Minister for Social Services under SSAct section 1082 and reflect rates of return available on a range of financial products.

Act reference: SSAct section 1082 Below threshold rate, above threshold rate

Last reviewed: