The Guides to Social Policy Law is a collection of publications designed to assist decision makers administering social policy law. The information contained in this publication is intended only as a guide to relevant legislation/policy. The information is accurate as at the date listed at the bottom of the page, but may be subject to change. To discuss individual circumstances please contact Services Australia.

9.1 Citizenship & visas


The Australian social security system is founded on the concepts of residence and need. To qualify for Australian social security payments, a person is usually required to be an Australian resident ( The type of visa a person holds, or whether they have Australian citizenship, is fundamental to meeting the definition of Australian resident and the residential qualification requirements for social security payments.

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