The Guides to Social Policy Law is a collection of publications designed to assist decision makers administering social policy law. The information contained in this publication is intended only as a guide to relevant legislation/policy. The information is accurate as at the date listed at the bottom of the page, but may be subject to change. To discuss individual circumstances please contact Services Australia.

10.24.100 Japanese Glossary


This section contains a list of terms used in and applicable to the Agreement with Japan.

Act reference: SS(IntAgree)Act Schedule 23 Japan


For Australia, benefit means age pension. It includes any additional amount or increase in respect of a person who qualifies for that additional amount. This includes pension supplement and RA for people in Australia, but any additional amounts are subject to portability restrictions under the SSAct.

For Japan, benefit means a pension or any other cash benefit from one of the specified Japanese pension systems.


In relation to Australia, legislation means the laws which make up the social security legislation relating to age pension. In Part II of the Agreement it applies to the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992, the Superannuation Guarantee Charge 1992, and the Superannuation (Administration) Regulations.

In relation to Japan it means the national statutes and regulations of Japan concerning the covered Japanese pension systems.

Period/s of Australian Working Life Residence

In relation to Australian totalisation and rate calculation rules (Articles 15 and 16), this means a period of AWLR as defined in the SS(IntAgree)Act (i.e. the period of residence in Australia between the ages of 16 and reaching age pension age).

In relation to Japanese totalisation rules (Articles 18), this means a period of AWLR as defined in the SS(IntAgree)Act during which a person was employed or self-employed.

Period of Coverage under the Legislation of Japan

In relation to Japan this means a period of contributions under the legislation of Japan and any other period taken into account under that legislation for establishing an entitlement to benefits.

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