The Guides to Social Policy Law is a collection of publications designed to assist decision makers administering social policy law. The information contained in this publication is intended only as a guide to relevant legislation/policy. The information is accurate as at the date listed at the bottom of the page, but may be subject to change. To discuss individual circumstances please contact Services Australia.

1.1.T.70 Type of care (CCS)


For the purposes of CCS, the type of care refers to one of the following types of approved child care services (1.1.A.90) that a family may use:

  • centre-based day care,
  • family day care,
  • outside school hours care,
  • in home care.

Centre-based day care

CBDC services provide care primarily to children not yet attending school and are open for a minimum of 48 weeks per year.

Family day care

FDC is a network of individuals providing child care in their own homes for other people's children, organised and supported by a central coordination unit. FDC is primarily aimed at children not yet attending school, but can also assist school aged children. FDC is a flexible service type providing a range of options.

In home care

IHC is a flexible form of child care where care is provided in the child's home by an approved child care service. In 2018-19 IHC is capped at 3000 child care places nationally. IHC may be available for individuals eligible for CCS who can demonstrate that other types of approved care are not suitable or available, and where one or more of the following criteria apply:

  • where parents or carers are working non-standard or variable hours, outside normal child care service hours,
  • parents or carers are geographically isolated from other types of approved care, particularly in rural and remote locations,
  • the family has challenging or complex needs, including where families are experiencing challenging situations, and other approved child care services are not able to meet the needs of the child or the family.

Outside school hours care

OSHC services primarily provide care outside normal school hours to children who attend school. The care may be:

  • before school,
  • after school,
  • on pupil-free days, and
  • during school holidays (vacation care).

OSHC services are required to be open for a minimum of 7 weeks per year.

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