4.3 Effect of a determination on an application
Any determination made under the Scheme regarding an application for redress only applies to the Scheme itself. This means that it does not represent, in any way, a finding of law or fact that may otherwise be applicable to a criminal or civil proceeding.
In practice, this means that when the Operator determines an institution is or is not responsible for the abuse of a person, or is or is not liable to pay redress to a person, that determination is only meaningful within the operation of the Scheme. This is generally because court cases are subject to a higher standard of proof than is required under the Scheme.
The only effect a determination made under the Scheme has with respect to civil liability is upon the institution/s determined to be responsible for the abuse of the person. If the responsible institution/s is a participating institution, it is liable to provide redress and make payments in relation to that redress.
Accepting an offer of redress has the effect of releasing the responsible participating institution/s, their associates and those institution's officials (other than the abuser/s) from any civil liability for instances of sexual abuse and related non-sexual abuse of the person. This means that the person is agreeing not to bring or continue any civil claims against the responsible participating institution/s, their associates and relevant officials in relation to any abuse within the scope of the Scheme.