184.108.40.206 FTB portability
This topic provides information about the payability of FTB when an individual or their FTB child or regular care child leaves Australia and covers the following:
- eligibility & entitlement
- Australian residence
- absences from Australia
- effect of prior absence overseas on FTB
- RA during overseas absence
- effect of certain temporary visa categories on temporary absences
- extensions to the 6 week portability period
- child born overseas
- individual and FTB child both overseas
- when is an absence temporary?
- absence is not temporary
- temporary absence becomes permanent
- individuals employed overseas, and
- international social security agreements.
Eligibility & entitlement
The specific distinction between 'eligibility' (1.1.E.17) and 'entitlement' (1.1.E.30) in relation to temporary absence from Australia is that:
- eligibility refers to the 6-week absence from Australia (1.1.A.10) period (after which time an individual is no longer eligible for FTB), and
- entitlement refers to the rates payable during a temporary absence.
FTB Part A and Part B are generally payable overseas for up to 6 weeks (portability). If the individual or FTB child is overseas for more than 6 weeks, FTB will be stopped. If the individual or FTB child return to Australia within 13 weeks of their payment being stopped, their payment can be recommenced without the need for a new claim. They will not be entitled to be paid for any days they are absent in excess of the allowable portability period.
However, if the person or FTB child remains overseas and does not return within 13 weeks of their payments being stopped, then their FTB payments will be cancelled and they will need to reapply on return to Australia.
Note: CCS eligibility is linked with FTB eligibility and therefore the same temporary absence from Australia provisions apply. Entitlement to CCS may continue for any temporary absence, for up to 6 weeks, however, the child care must be provided in Australia.
In certain circumstances, the FTB 6 week portability period can be extended for up to 3 years for a temporary absence from Australia. Extensions in certain circumstances also apply to CCS. If the individual was receiving RA this may also be paid under this extension.
ES Part A and Part B can only be paid overseas for up to 6 weeks.
Individuals receiving FTB by instalments must notify Centrelink if they, and/or their child/ren intend to leave Australia, if this might affect their entitlement. They must also notify Centrelink upon their return to Australia. Details of the trip must be obtained by Centrelink to assess ongoing eligibility.
The individual must continue to be an Australian resident during any absence overseas to remain eligible for FTB. To remain an FTB child or regular care child, a child who leaves Australia must continue to:
- be an Australian resident (1.1.A.130), or
- live with the individual.
For the individual and/or the FTB child/ren or regular care child/ren to be considered to be Australian residents for FTB purposes, the absence overseas must be temporary, and there must be a clear intention to return to Australia.
For children born overseas refer to 'Child born overseas' for more details.
Act reference: SSAct section 7(3) In deciding for the purposes of this Act whether or not a person is residing in Australia …
Policy reference: FA Guide 220.127.116.11 Residence requirements
Absences from Australia
FTB may continue to be paid where the FTB child, regular care child and/or the individual are temporarily absent from Australia for up to 6 weeks. In certain circumstances, individuals can apply for an extension to the 6-week period for up to 3 years.
The following table explains the effect on FTB eligibility of certain absences of an FTB child, regular care child or individual.
|If the …||then …|
FTB or regular care child:
FTB or regular care child or individual:
FTB or regular care child or individual:
FTB child or individual:
FTB child, regular care child or individual:
Example: Amanda is receiving FTB for her 2 children. She travels overseas on a 2 month temporary work placement and her children accompany her. After 6 weeks overseas Amanda's FTB payment stops. Three weeks later Amanda returns to Australia. Centrelink automatically recommences her FTB payments without the need to reclaim. After 5 weeks in Australia, Amanda leaves Australia again to take up a job in Singapore. Amanda's FTB payments stop on departure from Australia as she had not returned to Australia for 6 weeks or more.
Example: Kym and Ben have an FTB child, Olivia, for whom Kym receives FTB and CCS payments. Kym has to work overseas for more than 6 weeks so her FTB and CCS stop after 6 weeks. Ben and Olivia remain in Australia. If Kym returns to Australia within 13 weeks of her payments being stopped, her FTB and CCS payments can recommence without having to reclaim. However, Kym will not be entitled to be paid FTB or CCS for any days she was absent in excess of the allowable portability period of 6 weeks. Alternatively, because Olivia is still attending child care in Australia, FTB and CCS for Olivia could be paid to Ben for the full duration of Kym's absence if he applies for FTB and CCS and Olivia is in his care in Australia.
Act reference: FAAct section 24(1) to (3) Absence from Australia of FTB or regular care child
Effect of prior absence overseas on FTB
The following table explains the FTB portability rules that apply for a prior overseas absence.
|If an individual …||then …|
Example: Following the birth of an eligible FTB child.
Example: Monique leaves Australia to travel temporarily overseas. She gives birth to her first child 2 weeks after her departure and claims FTB. She can receive FTB Part A and Part B for the first 4 weeks after her child's birth. FTB payments stop for Monique at the end of the 6 weeks (or extension end date) from her date of departure.
Act reference: FAAct section 24(4) to (6) Maximum period of eligibility for FTB while individual overseas
RA during overseas absence
If FTB is paid during an individual's temporary absence from Australia for up to 6 weeks, (or for an approved extension), then RA may still be paid with FTB.
RA is only payable for accommodation:
- rented in Australia before departure, and
- continuing to be rented by the individual while overseas.
If FTB is paid during a child's temporary absence from Australia for up to 6 weeks, (or for an approved extension), then the child is still a RA child in calculating the amount of RA payable.
Act reference: FAAct Schedule 1 Part 5 Division 2B Subdivision A-Rent assistance
Effect of certain temporary visa categories on temporary absences
An individual who has qualified for FTB due to satisfying the SpB eligibility criteria because they are the holder of an eligible temporary visa made under SSAct section 729(2)(f)(v) can only be paid FTB for up to 6 weeks of any temporary absence, and only if the absence is for:
- an acute family crisis (for example, to visit an immediate family member who is critically ill)
- for humanitarian reasons (for example, to adopt a child or attend custody proceedings), or
- eligible medical treatment that is not available in Australia.
The individual must provide evidence of the need to travel overseas.
Act reference: FAAct Section 21(1A) When an individual is eligible for FTB in normal circumstances
SSAct section 729(2)(f)(v) Qualification for SpB, Part 4.2 Overseas portability
Extensions to the 6 week portability period
The Secretary may grant an extension to the 6 week portability period, up to a period of no more than 3 years in certain circumstances. FTB payments may be paid overseas for more than 6 weeks in the following circumstances:
|Events that prevent the individual or child from returning to Australia||
|Medical Treatment Overseas Program||The Secretary may grant an extension to the 6 week portability period, to a period of no more than 3 years, if financial assistance is payable under the Medical Treatment Overseas Program for an individual or FTB child.|
The Secretary may grant an extension to the 6 week portability period to a period, of no more than 3 years if the individual is:
Where an eligible person is to be deployed, they should contact Centrelink prior to departure and request a portability extension due to their overseas deployment. They may need to provide their deployment letter to confirm they are eligible for this extension. The extension for the deployed member is for the length of their deployment, up to a period of 3 years.
Act reference: FAAct section 24(7) to (10) Extension of 6-week period in certain circumstances
Child born overseas
An individual can claim FTB for a child who is born overseas while they are outside Australia, subject to other eligibility criteria. The claim must however be lodged within the allowable claim period. The residence requirements for FTB may be satisfied if at least one parent is an Australian resident who is temporarily absent from Australia.
If an individual returns to Australia without the child, they may still be eligible for a payment if the child is still considered to be in their care. They may also be entitled to FTB if the child is an Australian resident or SCV holder residing in Australia as long as the child is still in their care. For more detail about FTB residency, see 18.104.22.168.
Example: Sarah and Kate are a couple who leave Australia temporarily for 3 weeks. One week after departure, Sarah has a baby and lodges a claim for FTB after the birth. As Sarah and the baby are only temporarily absent from Australia, she may be eligible for FTB from the baby's birth for the remainder of the 6 weeks after Sarah's departure from Australia.
Act reference: FAAct section 22 When an individual is an FTB child of another individual, section 24 Effect of certain absences of FTB child etc. from Australia
Policy reference: FA Guide 22.214.171.124 Residence requirements
Individual & FTB child both overseas
Where the individual and the FTB or regular care child are both overseas, the restrictions on portability in respect of the individual and the child as described in the table above need to be considered together. If the individual and child have the same departure date, the 6-week period expires simultaneously. Where the individual and the child have different departure dates, the 6-week period expires at different times.
Example: Gayle receives FTB for her 2 children, Simone and Jessica. All 3 will be living overseas for a period of 2 years whilst Jessica completes study in Canada. Jessica departs Australia alone on 1 November 2016. Gayle and Simone depart for Canada a month later on 1 December 2016. Gayle's FTB payments for Jessica stop 6 weeks after Jessica's departure. Gayle's FTB payments for Simone stop 6 weeks after they depart Australia.
If the child leaves Australia temporarily for up to 6 weeks or less, CCS may continue to be payable until the child returns noting that CCS is only payable for child care provided in Australia.
Act reference: FAAct section 24 Effect of certain absences of FTB child etc. from Australia
When is an absence temporary?
The individual must intend that they or their FTB child or regular care child will return to Australia for the absence to be regarded as temporary. Whether an absence will be temporary may be apparent from the purpose of the overseas absence. The reason for the absence should be consistent with the intended duration.
The following factors should also be considered:
- commitment to any overseas home, and
- evidence of continuing ties with Australia such as
- retaining a home, bank account or employment in Australia
- whether the person has immediate or extended family still living in Australia, and
- the length of residence in Australia before departure.
Example: Bruno and Pina are Australian citizens. Pina is receiving FTB for their children. Bruno has a good job, and they own their own home in Australia, as well as 2 units that they rent out. The family has visited Italy once for a short holiday to visit relatives since they migrated to Australia. Pina's parent in Italy becomes terminally ill, so the family decides to return to Italy to spend time with Pina's parent. Bruno takes leave from his job, but he returns to Australia after 4 weeks. Pina and the children remain in Italy, living with relatives. Pina states that the absence is temporary, as she will return to Australia after her parent's funeral. Pina and the children continue to be Australian residents. Their family home is in Australia, and Bruno has already returned to Australia. Their investment properties are in Australia. If Pina is overseas she will be eligible for FTB for up to 6 weeks or for a longer period if she meets the requirements for an extension.
Absence is not temporary
FTB payments cease if an individual or FTB child leaves Australia permanently, as they are no longer considered Australian residents for FTB purposes.
If the absence is permanent, eligibility does not continue. If the individual is going overseas permanently, FTB is cancelled from the date of departure. If the FTB or regular care child is going overseas permanently, they cease to be an FTB or regular care child from the date of departure and the individual's FTB must be reassessed.
Example: Joan receives FTB for her 3 children. Joan and her partner Lloyd own their home in Australia. They originally migrated from England, and their extended family live in England and Scotland. Lloyd is offered a one year contract of employment in England. Joan notifies Centrelink that she and the children will accompany Lloyd to England. Joan and Lloyd sell their house and furniture before they leave for England. They do not purchase return tickets for their trip. Even though the term of Lloyd's employment is only one year, they cease to be Australian residents. They have ended their financial ties with Australia and have no personal ties. The fact that they are returning to their original homeland with personal, employment and financial ties there indicates that they do not intend to reside permanently in Australia.
Temporary absence becomes permanent
If the absence is initially regarded as temporary, but the individual advises that the absence has become permanent, FTB must be reassessed from the date the individual becomes aware that the absence is permanent.
Example: Sally is a sole parent who receives FTB for her child. She travels overseas for a one month holiday in the USA, and her FTB continues as the absence is temporary. However, while she is overseas she meets someone and decides to get married and live in the USA. She notifies Centrelink once she makes the decision not to return to Australia. Her eligibility to FTB ceases from the date that she makes her decision.
Policy reference: FA Guide 126.96.36.199 Residence requirements
Individuals employed overseas
The same provisions apply to all individuals, including those who are:
- foreign aid projects personnel
- members of the defence forces who are posted overseas, and
- Australian Government employees who are posted overseas.
If a person travels to Australia to train as a missionary before being posted overseas, payment of FTB during their posting can only be granted if:
- the residence requirements have been met, and
- Centrelink is satisfied that the person intends to return to Australia rather than their country of origin.
This may be determined by:
- the nature of property and assets held in Australia and/or the country of origin, and
- establishing to which country the person has the greater commitment.
While members of the defence forces and Australian Federal Police are generally subject to these provisions, some members may be able eligible for an extension to the 6 week portability period.
International social security agreements
FTB is not included under international social security agreements. Instead, from 1 July 2000, 'additional child amount' is in the portability (1.1.P.90) rate calculator of the SSAct.
The additional child amount is a fixed amount based on the family allowance and guardian allowance rates applicable at 30 June 2000. The payment is indexed in January each year according to the family allowance indexation rules. These indexation rules continue to apply after 1 July 2000 and only apply to this payment.
Act reference: SS(IntAgree)Act section 13 Overall calculation process, section 14A Additional child amounts