18.104.22.168 Maintenance Action Test Reviews
If the individual has been granted an exemption or a period of review and the reason is no longer appropriate or applicable because circumstances have changed, the exemption must be reviewed. If appropriate, they must be advised that they are required to take reasonable action for maintenance. If the individual does not take steps to meet this requirement within 14 days, their FTB Part A must be reduced to the base rate (1.1.B.10) for the affected child or children.
General review timeframes
Where an individual has maintenance action in progress under Stage 1 or Stage 2, their circumstances should be reviewed at least every 12 months. It may be appropriate to review the case sooner depending on the circumstances.
Example: A court has refused to make an order regarding the paternity of the payer (1.1.P.72). The recipient indicates that she will be pursuing the matter further and has applied to Legal Aid for assistance. Her circumstances should be reviewed once the outcome of her application to Legal Aid is known.
Types of reviews & their timeframes
The following table outlines the types of reviews and when they are undertaken.
|Circumstances||Timing of Review|
|Stage 1 or Stage 2 Separation or birth of baby||28 days.|
|Whereabouts of payer is unknown||12 months.|
|Payer imprisoned||After the payer's release date.|
|Stage 1 payer's income is too low||
|Required to take legal action||
|Proof of paternity/legal advice||
|Violence or fear of violence||12 months, unless a more appropriate time is specified by a social worker (22.214.171.124).|
|Other circumstances||As applicable.|
Payer's income is too low
Where a Stage 1 individual cannot complete action because the payer's income is too low, this should be checked every 12 months to determine if Centrelink records show the payer is receiving a pension, allowance or benefit. If the payer is receiving a social security payment (1.1.S.80), the payee can be considered to have maintenance action in progress.
To ensure that the confidentiality provisions in Social Security Act 1991 section 1312 are not breached, the individual must not be told that the payer receives a social security payment.
If Centrelink records show that the payer is no longer receiving a social security payment, the individual should be advised that:
- maintenance action must be taken, or
- they must provide evidence that the payer's income is still so low that payment of child support could not be expected.
If the individual cannot provide such evidence, the individual must take action to obtain a court order or a child support assessment/agreement.
The payer will still be required to pay a minimum amount per year (CS Guide 2.4.2), even if they receive a social security payment, if Child Support is collecting child support under:
- a Stage 2 child support administrative assessment, or
- a court order or court registered agreement.
From 1 July 2008, if a payer reports a low taxable income and is not receiving income support, they may be required to pay child support based on a fixed assessment. Fixed assessments cover parents who minimise their taxable income in a way that does not fairly represent their true income or real capacity to pay child support.
If the individual receives income support and has regular care of a child (between 14% and less than 35% or between 52 nights and 127 nights a year), they do not need to pay the minimum as they already meet some of the costs of raising the child directly through the care they provide.
If an individual receives income support and has 2 or more child support assessments they will pay an amount of child support, which is divided equally between the payees. Current child support rates can be found in the CS Guide 2.4.2.
Proof of paternity
Where a court has refused to make an order as to paternity or paternity testing (and this is evidenced by a court document/s or legal advice), the exemption should be continued. These cases should be reviewed as necessary. When the case is reviewed, a social worker should interview the individual to determine whether the circumstances have altered. If the situation is likely to continue for a temporary period, the exemption may be continued for a period of up to 6 months. If the situation is likely to continue indefinitely, a permanent exemption may be granted.
Policy reference: FA Guide 126.96.36.199 Role of the ISO & social worker