6.8.5 Offences in relation to DPO
The Registrar can make an order to prevent a person from leaving Australia. This is known as a DPO. An offence is committed if the requirements of such an order are breached.
CSRC Act section 72F, section 72U, section 72V, section 72W
Offence provisions for unauthorised departure from Australia
The powers to make a DPO are discussed in 5.2.11.
Where a person leaves Australia for a foreign country:
- knowing, or reckless as to whether, a DPO is in force, and
- the person's departure is not authorised by a departure authorisation certificate (DAC) and the person knows the departure is not authorised, or is reckless as to whether the departure is authorised
they commit an offence (section 72F). The penalty for this offence is 60 penalty units (see 6.8.7 for penalty unit amount), or imprisonment for 12 months, or both.
If an authorised officer believes that a person is about to depart from Australia when a DPO is in force and without a DAC, they can require the person to answer questions or produce documents (section 72U(2)(b)).
If a person fails to answer a question or produce a document and they are capable of doing so, they commit an offence. The penalty for this offence is 30 penalty units (6.8.7) (section 72U(3)).
A person who provides false or misleading answers to questions can be prosecuted (section 72U(5)). The penalty for this offence is 30 penalty units (6.8.7), or 6 months imprisonment, or both.
A person is required to answer the questions asked or produce the documents requested, even if doing so may incriminate them or expose them to a penalty (section 72V(1)). The answers to the questions or the documents produced are not admissible in evidence against the person except in relation to a prosecution under section 72U(5) (section 72V(2)).
A person whose departure is authorised by a DAC must produce the certificate for inspection on the request of an authorised officer (section 72W(1)). Failure or refusal to produce the certificate upon request is an offence. The penalty for this offence is 5 penalty units (6.8.7) (section 72W(2)).